تبلیغات
ریاضی - فلسفه ریاضیات
پنجشنبه 17 تیر 1389

فلسفه ریاضیات

   نوشته شده توسط: فاطمه اصفهانی    

فلسفه ریاضی یا فلسفه ریاضیات ، شاخه‌ای از فلسفه است که به بنیادهای وجودی ریاضیات می‌پردازد. از جمله پرسش هائی که فلسفه ریاضی ، کوشش در پاسخ به آن دارد این‌ها است:

  • چرا ریاضی ، در توضیح طبیعت موفق است؟
  • وجود داشتن عدد یا دیگر موجودات ریاضی ، به چه معنا است؟
  • گزاره‌های ریاضی به چه معنائی صحیح‌اند و چرا؟(ناظر بر منطق و استدلال ریاضی)

بعضی مسائل موجود در دنیای طبیعی را نمی‌توان به سادگی حل نمود ولی زمانیکه وارد دنیای ریاضیات میشویم آن مسئله به سادگی حل شده و وقتیکه نتیجه به دنیای طبیعی منتقل می‌شود کاملأ منطبق بوده به همین دلیل دنیای ریاضیات به سرعت گسترش یافته و در آن دنیاهای دیگری ایجاد شده است. از جمله دنیای جبر - هندسه - معادلات دیفرانسیل - لاپلاس - انتگرال و ... حال کافیست که شما بتوانید این المانهای دنیای طبیعی را به دنیای ریاضیات وارد نموده و بلعکس نتیجه را به دنیای طبیعی باز گردانید که این عمل معمولأ توسط علم فیزیک انجام می‌گردد.

در آغاز قرن بیستم سه مکتب فلسفه ریاضی برای پاسخ‌گوئی به این‌گونه پرسش‌ها به وجود آمد. این سه مکتب به نام‌های شهودگرایی و منطق‌گرایی و صورت‌گرایی معروف‌اند.

[ویرایش] منابع

  • ریاضیات چیست؟ نوشته هربرت الیس رابینز، ترجمه سیامک کاظمی، نشر نی، ۱۳۸۶، تهران.
  • Thinking about Mathematics: The Philosophy of Mathematics by Stewart Shapiro, Oxford University Press, 2000


kokania.com
چهارشنبه 20 شهریور 1398 12:41 ق.ظ
I've been browsing online greater than 3 hours today, yet I by no means discovered any interesting article
like yours. It's lovely value sufficient for me. Personally, if all site owners and bloggers made excellent content as you probably did,
the internet will likely be a lot more helpful than ever
before.
Rush Remedy Reviews
جمعه 15 شهریور 1398 10:13 ق.ظ
Thank you for the good writeup. It in fact was once a entertainment account it.
Look complicated to far brought agreeable
from you! However, how can we be in contact?
Keto Prime Rx Pills
دوشنبه 28 مرداد 1398 02:45 ب.ظ
I got this web site from my friend who informed me about this web page
and now this time I am browsing this web site and reading very informative posts
at this time.
Organic Food
یکشنبه 27 مرداد 1398 05:49 ق.ظ
Your mode of telling everything in this piece of writing
is truly fastidious, all can easily know it,
Thanks a lot.
Matilde Menendez
چهارشنبه 23 مرداد 1398 09:19 ق.ظ
Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice while you amend
your site, how can i subscribe for a blog website?
The account helped me a acceptable deal. I had been a little bit acquainted
of this your broadcast provided bright clear idea
Matilde Menendez
شنبه 19 مرداد 1398 10:35 ق.ظ
I am really delighted to read this web site posts which includes plenty of useful data, thanks for providing these kinds of statistics.
http://canadianopharmacy.com/
دوشنبه 7 مرداد 1398 12:42 ق.ظ

Thanks, I value this.
buy viagra online usa northwest pharmacies canadian medications by mail canadian pharmacy cialis drugstore online shopping canadian pharmacy online 24 canada online pharmacies medication online pharmacies india buy vistagra usa trust pharmacy canada reviews
Cali Naturals CBD Review
جمعه 4 مرداد 1398 06:40 ب.ظ
Hi there! This blog post couldn?t be written much better!
Looking at this article reminds me of my previous roommate!
He always kept talking about this. I most certainly will forward this post to him.

Fairly certain he'll have a great read. I appreciate you for sharing!
https://medium.com/@activatorprotestosterone/activator-pro-testosterone-health-review-b7dadef1ba1a
جمعه 4 مرداد 1398 03:14 ب.ظ
I really love your site.. Very nice colors & theme.
Did you make this amazing site yourself?
Please reply back as I'm planning to create my own personal site and would like to find out where you got this from
or what the theme is called. Kudos!
Activator Pro Muscle Reviews
جمعه 28 تیر 1398 11:54 ب.ظ
You ought to be a part of a contest for one of the best blogs on the web.
I'm going to recommend this website!
http://activatorprotestosterone.com/
پنجشنبه 27 تیر 1398 11:12 ق.ظ
Hi! I know this is kind of off topic but I was wondering which blog
platform are you using for this website?

I'm getting fed up of Wordpress because I've had problems with hackers and
I'm looking at alternatives for another platform. I would be great if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.
rei master card
سه شنبه 25 تیر 1398 10:31 ق.ظ
Today, I went to the beachfront with my kids. I found a sea shell and gave it to my 4
year old daughter and said "You can hear the ocean if you put this to your ear." She put the shell to her ear and screamed.
There was a hermit crab inside and it pinched her ear.

She never wants to go back! LoL I know this is
completely off topic but I had to tell someone!
Bitcoin Lifestyle
یکشنبه 23 تیر 1398 03:11 ب.ظ
Glad to be one of several visitants on this awful web site :
D.
Keto Plan Classic Formula Reviews
یکشنبه 23 تیر 1398 07:33 ق.ظ
Aw, this was an exceptionally good post. Taking the time and actual effort to make a top notch article?
but what can I say? I hesitate a whole lot
and don't manage to get anything done.
Neptune Enhance Male Enhancement
پنجشنبه 13 تیر 1398 03:01 ق.ظ
hello there and thank you for your information ?
I've certainly picked up something new from right here.
I did however expertise several technical points using this
web site, as I experienced to reload the site many times previous to
I could get it to load correctly. I had been wondering if your web hosting is OK?
Not that I am complaining, but sluggish loading instances times will
very frequently affect your placement in google and can damage your quality score
if advertising and marketing with Adwords. Anyway I am adding this RSS to my email and can look out
for much more of your respective exciting content.

Ensure that you update this again soon.
https://shortlisted.co.za/jobs/user/profile/77754
یکشنبه 9 تیر 1398 03:56 ب.ظ
That is a good tip especially to those fresh to the blogosphere.
Simple but very accurate info? Many thanks for sharing
this one. A must read article!
http://gtublog.com/index.php?a=profile&u=tkscecilia
یکشنبه 9 تیر 1398 08:15 ق.ظ
Excellent web site. A lot of useful info here.
I am sending it to some buddies ans also sharing in delicious.

And certainly, thanks for your sweat!
http://vivy.us/ketochargeplusreviews100805
یکشنبه 9 تیر 1398 07:09 ق.ظ
Hi my friend! I want to say that this article is awesome, great written and come
with almost all significant infos. I would like to
look extra posts like this.
http://duhism.com/a/?_cure_soft_serum_85203
یکشنبه 9 تیر 1398 04:20 ق.ظ
Your style is so unique in comparison to other folks I've read stuff from.

Thanks for posting when you have the opportunity, Guess I'll just book mark this web
site.
http://mediakynect.qhub.com/member/585070
شنبه 8 تیر 1398 03:37 ب.ظ
As I website possessor I conceive the subject material here is very
wonderful, thank you for your efforts.
http://url.letschat.info/mega10boostmaleenhancementreview654399
شنبه 8 تیر 1398 11:34 ق.ظ
Keep functioning ,splendid job!
http://pixelscholars.org/engl202-022/groups/struggling-with-acne-try-these-tricks-of-more-beautiful-skin/
شنبه 8 تیر 1398 10:32 ق.ظ
What's Happening i'm new to this, I stumbled upon this I have found It positively helpful
and it has helped me out loads. I'm hoping to give a contribution & assist different users like its aided me.
Great job.
https://www.freewebclassifieds.net/author/elouiserosa/
شنبه 8 تیر 1398 10:12 ق.ظ
With havin so much written content do you ever run into any issues of plagorism or copyright violation? My site has a lot
of completely unique content I've either
created myself or outsourced but it looks like a lot of it is popping it up all
over the internet without my permission. Do you
know any ways to help reduce content from being stolen? I'd definitely
appreciate it.
https://friendsbookindia.com/blog/15790/toxins-fairy-god-mothers-and-natual-skin-care-treatment/
شنبه 8 تیر 1398 09:35 ق.ظ
It's really very difficult in this full of activity life to listen news
on TV, thus I only use the web for that purpose,
and get the hottest information.
http://www.usafreeclassifieds.org/classifieds/user/profile/10812
شنبه 8 تیر 1398 06:52 ق.ظ
Remarkable issues here. I'm very satisfied to peer
your post. Thank you a lot and I am looking forward to touch you.
Will you please drop me a mail?
https://www.bankingonafrica.com/groups/reefer-mania-denvers-attended-pot-an-opera-about-marijuana-455465276/
شنبه 8 تیر 1398 06:19 ق.ظ
Hello there, just changed into alert to your weblog thru Google,
and found that it is really informative. I'm gonna
be careful for brussels. I'll be grateful for
those who proceed this in future. Many folks will be benefited from your writing.
Cheers!
http://www.wallpaperdisk.com/profile/annietoombs
جمعه 7 تیر 1398 12:22 ب.ظ
Your style is so unique compared to other people I have
read stuff from. I appreciate you for posting when you have the opportunity,
Guess I'll just bookmark this site.
http://zacknoskowski773.wikidot.com/blog:3
پنجشنبه 6 تیر 1398 09:34 ق.ظ
A fascinating discussion is definitely worth comment.
I do believe that you need to publish more about this subject, it may not be
a taboo matter but usually people don't discuss these issues.

To the next! Best wishes!!
Cialis 20 mg
دوشنبه 3 تیر 1398 05:15 ق.ظ

Awesome write ups. Thanks a lot.
try it no rx cialis prix de cialis miglior cialis generico cialis side effects dangers cialis patent expiration cialis herbs tadalafil cialis canada on line pastillas cialis y alcoho cialis 100mg suppliers
virilityrxpills.com
یکشنبه 2 تیر 1398 03:15 ب.ظ
Hello there, I found your website by the use of
Google at the same time as searching for a similar matter, your site
got here up, it seems to be great. I've bookmarked it
in my google bookmarks.
 
لبخندناراحتچشمک
نیشخندبغلسوال
قلبخجالتزبان
ماچتعجبعصبانی
عینکشیطانگریه
خندهقهقههخداحافظ
سبزقهرهورا
دستگلتفکر
نمایش نظرات 1 تا 30